Metformin is a medication commonly prescribed for type two diabetics. Metformin is also sold as Glucophage, Fortamet, and Glumetza. A recent study in the scientific research journal of the Brazilian medical association found a high prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in Metformin treated diabetic patients.
Vitamin B12 is a water soluble vitamin that is naturally present in foods such as fish, shellfish, poultry, milk, eggs and meat. Vitamin B12 is necessary proper function of your nervous system, the manufacture of red blood cells as well as to make DNA. Vitamin B12 is also associated with regulating Homocysteine levels which is associated with heart disease.
Symptoms associated with vitamin B12 deficiency include:
- feeling tired and weak
- tingling in the hands and feet
- trouble with balance and walking
- mood changes including depression
- weight loss.
- soreness of the tongue
- bleeding gums
- frequent bruising
- paleness of the skin.
Vitamin B12 levels are typically evaluated by serum or plasma analysis. This type of testing can be performed at any of your standard laboratories such as Quest Diagnostics and as such are readily available to patients in the United States .
Ten to thirty percent of those over 50 years of age suffer from a condition called atrophic gastritis. In atrophic gastritis, there are reduced levels of hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach. The consequence of this low hydrochloric acid production is diminished absorption of vitamin B12. Thus, if you are elderly and a diabetic taking metformin, the chances of your having a vitamin B12 deficiency increase.
Vegetarians, who by definition do not eat animal proteins, and are the most prevalent source of vitamin B12, and those with digestive disorders such as crohn's disease, also need to beware of possible B12 deficiency. Once again, this is especially true if coupled with being a diabetic was taking metformin.
If you're a diabetic and taking Metformin and feel that several of the signs and symptoms listed above pertain to you, contact your physician for a vitamin B12 analysis. Many physicians are not aware of the nutritional consequences of the medication they prescribe and therefore a visit to a functional medicine practitioner may be in order.
Bono, Clooney, Kardashian part of all-star campaign for AIDS
NEW YORK (AP) — Would you like to spend quality time with George Clooney as he showers you with compliments?
Costly 'cleaner' coal fights for space in emissions debate
By Krishna N. Das, Tommy Wilkes and Yuka Obayashi NEW DELHI/TOKYO (Reuters) - The global coal industry is trumpeting "cleaner coal" technology to fight bubbling competition from renewable energy, but the high costs of greener plants are proving a major obstacle in selling them to power-hungry countries such as India. The challenges are highlighted by the experience of Japan - despite a concerted push by Tokyo to take a lead in exporting the technology, only 7 percent of the power stations built or planned since 2010 with funds from Tokyo's export credit agency were of the most energy-efficient type, according to data from a group of NGOs.
NYC's novel salt warning rule set to take effect at chains
Kevorkian archive opens as physician-assisted deaths rise
Obama prods world on climate change, faces pushback at home
PARIS (AP) — Facing pushback at home, President Barack Obama said Sunday that American leadership was helping make gains in the global fight against climate change as he tried to reassure world leaders assembling for a historic conference in Paris that the U.S. can deliver on its own commitments.
Stay-at-home mom, Iraq war veteran named as Colorado clinic fatalities
The Colorado Springs Police Department named the two civilians as Jennifer Markovsky, 35, and Ke'Arre Marcell Stewart, 29, though it said the identifications were preliminary pending completion of the autopsies. Also killed in the shooting was Garrett Swasey, 44, a campus police officer for the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.
Planned Parenthood says Colorado shooter opposed abortion
By Keith Coffman COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. (Reuters) - Planned Parenthood said on Sunday that news reports that the gunman who attacked its Colorado health clinic had uttered "no more baby parts" during his arrest showed the suspect was motivated by an anti-abortion agenda. The remark attributed to suspect Robert Lewis Dear was an apparent reference to Planned Parenthood's abortion activities and its role in delivering fetal tissue to medical researchers, a hot-button issue in the 2016 race for the presidency. "We now know the man responsible for the tragic shooting at PP's health center in Colorado was motivated by opposition to safe and legal abortion," the organization said on Twitter.
Planned Parenthood to reassess security after Colorado attack
Now some affiliates of the reproductive health organization say they will scrutinize their security measures even further after a gunman's deadly attack on one of the nonprofit's clinics in Colorado on Friday. "We don't want to militarize our health centers," said Stephanie Kight, chief executive officer for Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio. Three people were killed and nine injured when a gunman, identified by police as Robert Lewis Dear, 57, opened fire on Friday at the Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado Springs.
Stay-at-home mother identified as Colorado clinic fatality
Another of the three people killed in last week's rampage at a Colorado Planned Parenthood clinic was identified on Sunday as Jennifer Markovsky, a stay-at-home mother of two young children. Julia Miller, a sister-in-law who lives in California, said in a phone interview that Markovsky was at the clinic to be with a friend. Colorado Springs police have said they would name the two deceased civilians after autopsies were completed, likely on Monday.
Norway mulls using heroin to prevent deadly overdoses
BERGEN, Norway (AP) — The pale, zombie-like addicts staggering through concrete underpasses make an unlikely scene in wealthy Norway's picturesque second city. As a gateway to the fjords which zigzag the oil-rich nation's long coastline, Bergen is the last stop on a global drug route that gives it one of the worst heroin problems in Europe.